International Criminal Court (ICC) is a permanent international court with headquarters in The Hague, Netherlands. ICC was established under the Rome Statute adopted on 17 July 1998 at the United Nations Diplomatic Conference. Rome Statute was signed by 139 countries and entered into force internationally on 1 July 2002. Another 14 states have subsequently joined the Statute. 30 states, including Egypt, Israel, Russia and the United States signed the Rome Statute but have not deposited their instruments of ratification. As of 1 May 2014, 122 countries were States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
The Republic of Moldova signed the Rome Statute of the ICC on 8 September 2000 and ratified it on 9 September 2010. The Rome Statute entered into force for the Republic of Moldova on 1 January 2011. The national bodies responsible for the implementation of the Rome Statute of the ICC are the Ministry of Justice and the General Prosecutor's Office.
ICC has jurisdiction over crimes of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity that were committed after 1 July 2002. The Court is composed of four main organs: the Presidency (Sang-Hyun Song - Korea - President), Judicial Divisions (18 judges, organized in Pre-Trial Division, the Trial Division and the Appeals Division), Office of the Prosecutor (Mrs. Fatou Bensouda, Gambia) and Registry.
On 11 June 2010, at the Review Conference on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Kampala, Uganda, the following amendments to the Rome Statute of the ICC were adopted:
ICC official web page: http://www.icc-cpi.int/